Spinal surgery continues to evolve. One of the most notable advancements is the rise of minimally invasive procedures. These techniques are designed to achieve similar outcomes as traditional open surgery but with smaller incisions, which translates to less tissue damage and a faster recovery for patients.
Let us explore some of the minimally invasive spine surgery procedures orthopedic surgeons in the US have been performing, and which specific conditions they can treat.
Understanding Minimally Invasive Spine Surgery
Minimally invasive spine surgery (MISS) is an alternative to open surgery, for treating spine conditions of the neck and back.
Orthopedic surgeons can use a minimally invasive approach to achieve the following treatment goals:
- Stabilize the vertebral bones and spinal joints
- Relieve pressure on nerves
- Address various spinal conditions such as deformity
Minimally invasive surgery involves the use of specialized instruments and imaging guidance to access the area of the spine.
Compared to traditional open surgery, minimally invasive spine surgery offers many advantages for the patient, such as:
- Shorter hospital stays
- Decreased blood loss
- Less postoperative pain
- Smaller scar
- Lower risks of infection and complications
Types of Minimally Invasive Spine Surgeries
Here are some of the spine procedures that are less invasive than traditional open spine surgery:
This procedure focuses on removing part or all of a herniated disc causing nerve compression and pain. By relieving pressure on the affected nerves, discectomy can help alleviate symptoms and improve functionality.
Also known as decompression surgery, laminectomy involves removing a portion of the vertebral bone (lamina) to relieve pressure on the spinal cord or nerves.
A laminectomy is commonly performed to treat conditions such as spinal stenosis, which is a narrowing of the spinal canal which compresses the spinal cord and nerves.
3. Spinal Fusion
Minimally invasive spinal fusion surgery is a procedure that aims to stabilize and fuse two or more vertebrae in the spine using a less invasive approach. They remove damaged discs or bone spurs and then place bone grafts or implants between the vertebrae to promote fusion. Additional hardware may also be used for stability.
Spinal fusion is commonly used to treat scoliosis and spinal fractures.
These procedures address vertebral compression fractures caused by osteoporosis. Both procedures involve injecting bone cement into the fractured vertebra, however a kyphoplasty involves inflating a balloon to create a cavity or space. Both methods restore stability to the spine and relieve pain.
While minimally invasive spine surgery offers a number of advantages over traditional open surgery, it is important to note that not all spinal conditions can be treated with minimally invasive techniques. Complex cases or conditions requiring extensive reconstruction may require a more traditional approach.
Consultation With a Spine Specialist
If you are considering spinal surgery, it is crucial to consult with a qualified orthopedic surgeon to determine the best treatment approach for your condition. The doctor needs to determine whether or not you are a good candidate for minimally invasive spine surgery.
Orthopedic Spine Specialist Near You
The spinal surgery team at Advanced Orthopedics New England is considered a leader in the treatment of spine conditions, from degenerative disc disease to scoliosis. Our team is led by board-certified spine surgeon, Dr. David Kruger. We will evaluate your condition and explore your options for treatment. We empower our patients to actively participate in their recovery.
To schedule an appointment with Dr. Kruger, call our office today at (860) 728-6740 or use our convenient online form. We look forward to providing you with the best spine treatments in Connecticut and Massachusetts.